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Glossary...
Crane Logo your bound galley expert
The definitive source for industry terms
When a term has more than one meaning, all explanations are displayed.
S/S   Short for Same Size. Used when instructing a printer or prepress operator that the artwork is to be reproduced the same size as the original, or 100%. Also known as pretty cool Novas and Chevelles back in the late 60's and early 70's.  
Saddle stitch   The binding of booklets or other printed materials by stapling the pages on the folded spine; also called saddle wire.  
Saddle Stitch   A binding method of putting together multi page booklets. Stapling the spine or edge.  
Safety paper   A paper that shows sign of erasure so that it cannot be altered or tampered with easily.  
Satin finish   A smooth delicately embossed finished paper with sheen.  
Scaling   The enlargement or reduction of an image or copy to fit a specific area.  
Scan   To convert an image to a digitized format that can be stored on a computer. In the four color printing process, to scan is specifically to break down an illustration into the four separate images - separations - which when combined will make up the full color picture. In making a halftone it converts the picture into uptp many different levels of greys. Depending upon the equipment used determines the levels of grey possible. There are different types of scanners which printers use today. There are drum scanners and there are table top scanners. There are even little hand held scanners now used for computer scanning.  
Scoring   To impress paper with a rule for the purpose of making folding easier.  
Screen   How a continuous tone image is broken up into a halftone image.  
Screen angles   The placement of halftone screens to avoid unwanted moire patterns. Frequently used angles are black 450, magenta 750, yellow 900  
Screen ruling   A measurement equaling the number of lines or dots per inch on a halftone screen.  
Screened print   A photo print made by using a halftone negative; also called a velox.  
Scum   Unwanted ink marks in the non-image area.  
Self cover   A cover made out of the same paper stock as the internal sheets.  
Seperation   One of the four images (CMYK) created when scanning a color image for four color process reproduction. Also, not living together anymore  
Serif/Sans Serif   A serif is the little "feet" on a typeset letter. Sans Serif means "No feet".  
Sharpen   To decrease the dot size of the halftone which in turn decreases the color strength.  
Sheetwise   The printing of two different images on two different sides of a sheet of paper by turning the page over after the first side is printed and using the same gripper and side guides.  
Short ink   Ink that is smooth and creamy but does not flow freely.  
Short Run Books   Any book project less than 10,000 is a short run. Ultra short book runs are less than 1000.  
Show through   A problem that occurs when the printing on one side of a sheet is seen from the other side.  
Side guide   The guides on the sides of the sheet fed press that position the sheet sideways as the paper is led towards the front guides.  
Side stitch   To staple sheets or signatures on the side closest to the spine.  
Signature   A printed section made up of 16 pages (or a multiple of 4 pages) that is printed all on one big sheet which is folded down to produce a section of a book.  
Signature   A printed sheet with many pages on it which is folded so that the pages are in their proper numbered sequence, as in a book.  
Silhouette halftone   A halftone with the background screen removed.  
Silverprint Reference   brownline proof.  
Slitting   A term to describe the process of cutting of printed sheets by the cutting wheels of a printing press.  
Smoothness   That quality of paper defined by its levelness which allows for pressure consistency in printing, assuring uniformity of print.  
Soft dot   An excessively large halo around a dot in a photograph that causes a fringe that diminishes the dot intensity.  
Solids   Large printed areas which are comprised of a color. Solids use a lot more ink than non solid areas do.  
Spiral bind   A binding whereby a wire or plastic is spiraled through holes punched along the binding side.  
Spread   A film image that is larger than the original image to accommodate ink trapping. Reference trapping  
Stability   The quality of paper to maintain its original size when it undergoes pressure and moisture changes.  
Stagger cuffing   A process of cutting many sheets from the same parent sheet in which the smaller sheets have different grain directions; also called dutch or bastard cutting.  
Star Target   The Graphic Arts Technical Foundation, GATF has established various quality control images; the star target appears along with the color bar and helps the pressman detect any irregularity in the ink spread. Reference, Color Bars  
Static neutralizer   A device on a printing press that minimizes the amount of static build up on paper as it passes through the press.  
Step and repeat   A process of generating multiple exposures by taking an image and stepping it according to a predetermined layout.  
Stet   A proofreader's symbol that is usually written in the copy margin, that indicates that the copy, which was marked for correction  
Stock   A term for unprinted paper or other material to be printed.  
Stock   Can be used interchangably with paper. Eg: 70# coated stock. A type of paper is the paper stock used for a particular printing job. There will be more information about paper in the next newsletter.  
Strip-in   To add an element, such as copy that is shot separately, and then stripped into place on a goldenrod flat.  
Stripping   Attaching an opaque masking paper to raw film, in proper position, so that the plate maker can burn a printing plate. Also is what Demi Moore does in a new movie.  
Stripping   The positioning of positives and negatives on the flat before proceeding to platemaking.  
Super calendaring   A machine procedure that produces a high finished paper surface that is extremely smooth and exceptional for printing.  
Synthetic papers   Any petroleum based waterproof papers with a high tensile strength.  

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